Modern Heating Systems, how did we get Here?

Modern Heating Systems
Modern Heating Systems

The modern heating systems we have implemented in our homes and businesses in the 21st century are a far cry from the heating methods our ancestors once used. Compared to what we used to have, the machinery we have now to achieve what we do seems futuristic. But how did we get here? And what is the history of heating? In this article, we will answer those questions and take a deeper look into the various heating methods used in society throughout various periods to gain a comprehensive understanding of the history of heating. 

Fire- 44,000 BCE

Evidence for the use of fire for warmth dates back to roughly one million years ago, when our common ancestors, Homo Erectus, left microscopic traces of wood ash for us to discover as the earliest definitive piece of evidence. For many thousands of years, fire was the only method our ancestors had in their arsenal to heat their dwellings.

As society evolved, they brought fire inside with them and figured out how to use campfires as indoor heating methods by creating a central roof opening to allow spoke to escape and avoid burning their homes. 

Underfloor heating- 2,500 BC

Underfloor heating may seem like a milestone of modern heating systems but discoveries made in Greece suggest that underfloor heating systems have actually existed since 2,500 BC. The Egyptians followed shortly thereafter with a more advanced version of the Greek invention. They used bellows to fan the flames below the floor to enhance the heat of the fire and cover more square footage. This idea was later adopted by Kings in the Middle East in 1300 BC, who also installed underfloor heating systems in their palaces. 

Central Heating- 100 BC

The Romans are credited for the invention of many revolutionary things, such as social care and welfare, the calendar, basic legal systems, newspapers, roads, hydraulic cement-based concrete, and central heating. They did this by carving hollows in stone floors and tile walls named hypocausts. They would then light a fire on one side of the hollow chamber and pass combustion gases under the floor. As time progressed, these hypocaust chambers were eliminated and replaced by floor ducts that connected the wall flues to the furnace. This system was used to heat upper-class Roman houses and public baths, which were frequented by the rich. 

Larger Structures- 324 AD/ 1200

As human capabilities continued to develop, larger structures were becoming more commonplace. Thus, comprehensive and expensive heating systems were required to heat them. Very few advances occurred in the Dark Ages, and those who lived in Europe actually regressed for a while, opting for fireplaces out of necessity for almost 1000 years. The medieval period did see the evolution of interconnected underfloor heating channels in large buildings, and furnaces were introduced in the 1200s to improve the efficiency of the system. 

Furnaces/ The Chimney- the 1200s

Furnaces primarily used wood for fuel for some time, and the invention of the furnace was yet to introduce any other fuel types. Despite their relative simplicity, the development of furnaces and chimneys would pave the way for modern heating systems in the not-too-distant future. 

Hot water heating- 1300s

The first recorded use of anybody using hot water for heating was in Greenland in the 14th century, using hot spring water to generate heat in a monastery. 

Stoves, steam, combustion and coal- 1600s

Metal stoves were beginning to rise in popularity, but due to their inability to heat more than one room at a time, property owners tended to opt for traditional fireplaces. However, experimentation was beginning to occur with different types of fuel. Hugh Plat, an English writer, suggested that alternatively to wood, steam could be used for heat. But this notion would be ignored until roughly 100 years later. Simultaneously, work on developing the first circulating fireplace, otherwise known as the ‘smokeless stove’ was taking place in France. Furthermore, coal was discovered on the Illinois River in 1679. 


Things were beginning to pick up here, and the first true remnants of modern heating systems were starting to show. Hot water was used for central heating in St. Petersburg, safe and efficient stoves were released, steam heating was proposed once again, coal mining became commonplace, and steam heating was beginning to take off. The 1700s were a huge decade for the development of various heating methods, and by the 1800s, the course of the history of heating would change forever. 


Daniel Pettibone, an American inventor, developed the first furnace that used warm air for heating, inspired by the hypocaust heating systems the Romans invented before him. Although, this would prove inefficient, as the heating was inconsistent thanks to its reliance on the natural rise of heat. Comparatively more efficient gas stoves were increasingly common, warm-air furnaces were developed, the thermostat made an appearance in 1830, and high-pressure heating systems were released. 

These high-pressure heating systems are reminiscent of modern heating systems, only far more dangerous to begin with. After several accidents, the high-pressure heating system was modified by its inventor, Angier Perkins, and remained popular in England until the 1850s. 

The first truly recognisable addition to these heating methods is the radiator, which was released in 1854. They used two dimpled iron sheets that would become incredibly hot to the touch. So although they were popular, they still had a way to go. 9 more inventors would release their variety of the radiator in the next 46 years, each improving on the faults of the last, with the American Radiator Company consolidating numerous boiler manufacturers, enduring the test of time, and still exists today as American Standard


In 1910, the first electric fan was advertised as an optional addition to furnaces to boost air circulation, and 20 years later, fibreglass insulation was implemented as an important element for insulating heating systems. This fibreglass would later be known as asbestos. In the 30s, the development of electric heating was accelerating and plastic was beginning to be introduced as an alternative to metal. 

Solar energy generation became increasingly popular in the 1970s, and in 1995 modern heating systems were a staple in every home. 

The 21st Century

Heating methods became very comprehensive in the 2000s. Various fuel types and heating methods were readily available and provided the public with choices. HVAC systems are now widely used across the globe and underfloor heating is a luxury that many of us can now afford. Gas heaters, Heat Pumps, and electric boilers are where the history of heating comes to a close. As the future of heating is widely dependent on the development of eco-friendly technologies that completely negate the necessity of fossil fuels and outdated heating methods. 

It is safe to say that after so much experimentation and evolution throughout history, we’re excited to see where modern heating systems go next. 

5 Best Online Master’s in Psychology Programs in 2023

Online Master's in Psychology
Online Master's in Psychology

People think psychology uses deep quotes to influence somebody, which is wrong. Psychology is the art and science of the human mind. Also, it includes the functions of the human mind and those affecting human behavior.  

At present, the lives of people have become fast-paced, stressful, and complex. This has made mental health problems more common, increasing the need for qualified psychologists. Psychology is about studying individuals’ behavior and the potential factors affecting them. It correlates with the ways and patterns in which people think, feel, behave, and communicate. 

Why make a career in Psychology? 

A career in psychology is about pursuing something unique and changing the lives of others by helping them restore their mental well-being. Also, it helps others with self-discovery and treating mental disorders affecting human behavior. There is an extended role of Therapies and research in the field. 

It offers good job opportunities as countless people around the world are dealing with mental health issues. They are employed in schools and organizations apart from hospitals. Also, when someone has good experience and skills as a psychologist, they can easily have decent earnings. Apart from that, working as a psychologist and helping others find a new motivation for life gives an inner satisfaction.  

5 Best Masters in psychology courses (online) 

If someone plans to pursue something different, change their field, or earn more money, they can go for a master’s in a psychology course. According to a report, a psychologist’s job opportunities can increase by up to 6%. This means it can be the ideal career pathway. 

1.Regent University 

Regent University is offering a Masters of Science in Psychology course online. It has an impressive ranking for its psychology course. Regent University has a Christian Worldview with foundational coursework in Psychology. Apart from that, the University offers five different concentration options under psychology. This includes a concentration on addiction, cyberpsychology, doctoral preparation, marriage and family, and industrial-organizational psychology. Also, students are given leadership teaching that helps them to play a productive role in any psychology team. 

The University is well-known for its expert faculty. Consequently, students get a diverse experience in the lectures. The students get individual mentors during this academic journey too. 

The students can apply for their master’s program at any time of the year. Thus they need to give their application questionnaire and other unofficial academic transcripts. Furthermore, students need to provide a copy of their government-issued ID. Council accredits the MSc in Psychology by Regent University for Higher Education Accreditation

2.Union College

Union College provides multiple psychology courses. Although some do them offline. At the same time, their General Psychology and Substance Abuse Counseling programs are fully online. At the same time, there are options for hybrid learning. The students need to complete the core curriculum for the first seven credits. Later, they get a wide assortment of electives for the remaining credits. This includes Multicultural and Diversity Issues, Ethics, Professional Practice, Health Psychology, etc. 

Online students get a personal advisor that keeps them updated with their course; it is also one of the most affordable options among other colleges.

3.Arizona State University 

Arizona State University is one of the most popular universities for international studies. It offers a Master of Science in Psychology program online. The study program is flexible and convenient for students. Also, it helps students in other countries to get a high-quality education. 

The online program is similar to their offline study program. The expert faculty uses modern learning methods. Moreover, there are options for elective courses relevant to students’ personal interests. The Higher Learning Commission accredits it. 

4.The University of Portsmouth Online

Next on the list is the University of Portsmouth, which offers an online MSc in Psychology. The new session shall begin from Jan 2023 that has a part-time option. The course has a duration of 2 years in the English language. Students get an opportunity to study a research-led course with experienced faculty.

Students get a chance for in-depth learning with a blend of theoretical and research aspects. The flexible course is an internationally-recognized MSc in Psychology.

5.Pepperdine University 

The last one on the list is Pepperdine University which offers a flexible online program. It is an ideal course for students pursuing a master’s degree in Psychology. 

The duration of the course is 18 months and starts four times a year. It offers unmatched convenience with a structured curriculum. Also, the concepts go deep with psychological diagnosis, prevention, and treating mental and emotional disorders. The Senior College and University Commission accredits the course.


These are some of the most renowned Masters’s courses in Psychology. In line with the present world’s needs, they are 100% online with an international qualification that gets more recognition. Also, it allows learning from world-class expert faculty with the latest curriculum. All these features meet the present working environment needs.

10 Methods You Should Use to Develop Your Soft Skills in 2023

10 Methods You Should Use to Develop Your Soft Skills in 2023
10 Methods You Should Use to Develop Your Soft Skills in 2023

The character traits and interpersonal skills that distinguish an individual’s relationship with others are soft skills. Soft skills are considered an accessory to hard skills that guide a person’s understanding and occupational talents. But how can a person develop their soft skills?

  • Prioritizing Which Skills To Develop 

Each person is different from one another and has an unusual mixture of weaknesses and strengths. A person might be naturally stronger in certain areas of soft skills than others; thus, the first step requires a person to prioritize the same. It is essential to take some time to analyze the strengths and areas with room for improvement. In the same way, a person needs to consider what soft skills that person is missing and need to give an effort on those accordingly. 

  • Setting Specific Goals 

Goals are required to enhance performance in soft skills as they also present a personal development roadmap. To work on a person’s skills effectively, they need to step outside their comfort zone and do certain things they might not feel comfortable with at the start. A person should be determined to achieve the soft skill they lack by a certain time they set their goal. 

  • Asking For Regular Feedback 

A great way to improve is by asking an individual’s friends and family if they have noticed any changes in them regarding the development of their soft skills. Perspectives of different people help point out the exact issues, which can further help in working on them. Asking others for their opinions will also reveal the blind spots in a person’s self-perception, which will help gain valuable insight into areas a person would not otherwise know to improve. 

  • Enhancing Communication Skills 

The art of communicating gets stronger the more a person uses it. With proper communication comes proper soft skills. All the communication tools available in and around a person, including presentations, video calls, phone calls, emails, and much more, need to be used to build a connection with other people. Practicing how to communicate appropriately with 5. others can help develop a person’s soft skills. 

  • Team Opportunities 

Working with others can also help a person develop their soft skills. While working in a team, there will be numerous people who will have varieties of soft skills. A person should be able to identify those soft skills and try to implement them in their way. Some specific soft skills that an individual might already have, but getting involved in teamwork will enable them to utilize other people’s personalities and character traits.

  • Trying New Things 

Trying new experiences will allow a person to challenge and use their soft skills in many ways and even help them develop them on the way. Being able to succeed and adapt to new skills is a crucial part of keeping in mind. 

  • Soft Skill Training 

Soft skills can also be identified as socio-emotional skills, but that does not mean that soft skills can not be trained. Numerous courses of training related to soft skill development are available both online and offline so that people can benefit from them. There is specific training available for everyone, from presentation skills to teamwork communication.

  • Listening Actively 

An integral part of developing soft skills is listening well. Listening actively can be available in numerous forms. Still, at the center, the main aim is to listen to the content well, be empathetic, and respectfully provide one’s views, opinions, and ideas to the speaker, even if it’s about a topic that needs to be disagreed on. 

  • Identifying Barriers 

While developing soft skills, it is essential to identify any obstacles that a person might face during the process of improving soft skills. Once the barriers are recognized, a person can better know how to resolve these challenges in the future using soft skills. Acknowledging these obstacles will allow them to come up with solutions strategically to overcome them.

  • Working On Critical Thinking Skills 

Thinking critically in itself is a soft skill. When a person thinks reflectively for self-improvement, it becomes a critical thought. It is also necessary to reflect on whatever opinions or feedback is given by others, as it provides space for improving a person’s ability to think critically before responding. Gaining these abilities can also improve communication skills and reduce decision-making time.


Soft skills are more involved with who a person is rather than their knowledge. A person bearing appropriate soft skills has character traits that show how well a person can interact with others which usually define an individual’s personality. Therefore, it is important to have soft skills for effective communication

5 Product Management Courses Offered In India

5 Product Management Courses Offered In India
5 Product Management Courses Offered In India

Product Management is one of the most pivotal roles in the industry today. It deals with business justification, product launches, planning, product development, verification, and several other tasks. Product managers are in charge of all the stages in a product’s life cycle. With rising job opportunities and increased demand for product management courses by students, the number of educational institutes providing product management courses is also growing. Here are the 5 best product management courses offered in India. 

Top 5 Product Management Courses In India 

  • Product Management By Isb

The Indian School of Business (ISB) offers many management programs, including both full-time and part-time. When it comes to rankings, it is one of the best business schools in India. The Product Management course has a duration of 12 weeks and is taught through online video classes. The faculty members of ISB are very knowledgeable in the field, with PhDs and excellent industry experience.

Doubtless-clearing sessions are held weekly to help students who might have to clear something up or are interested to know more. ISB ensures that students get the required attention from faculty members hence keeping a student-to-teacher ratio of 25:1. The course is priced at ₹1,26,000 + GST with no cost EMI options starting from ₹7,310. 

  • Indian Institute Of Management, Kozhikode

The Indian Institute of Management at Kozhikode was founded in 1996 by the Government of India with the help of the state government of Kerala. The total duration of the product management course offered here is 39 weeks. Students must attend online video classes for around 4 to 5 hours a week. 

The student-faculty ratio is 20:1, and the tools covered in the course are Framer, Asana, Jira, Balsamiq, Google Analytics, and Mixpanel. The price of the Product Management course at IIM Kozhikode is ₹1,84,500, with no-cost EMI options starting from ₹18,143.  

  • Product Management By Duke Corporate Education Through UpGrad

UpGrad offers a variety of different post-graduation degrees from reputed institutes around the world. Duke Corporate Education offers a post-graduate certificate in product management, teaching students to develop a product-based mindset and gain expertise in relevant product management skills through research, prototyping, and analysis.

Online video classes are provided with modules for students and require 10 to 12 hours of study per week. The duration of the course is 6 to 10.5 months. There is also placement support from UpGrad after the completion of the course. The tools covered in the course are Mixpanel, Marvel, Google Analytics, Wireframe, and many more. The product management course is priced at just ₹4,908 per month, with EMI options also available.

  • AI Product Management Specialization By Coursera

Like UpGrad, Coursera also provides certificates from well-known universities and institutes. Duke University provides an AI product management specialization course in Coursera through which students can learn about the management of the design and development of ML products. 

Students also learn about the application of data sciences to lead machine learning projects and how to create human-centred AI products. The course is priced at ₹1,108 per month, with EMI options available for ease. Placement support is also included with the course, as mentioned in Coursera. 

The classes are held online through video modules and live classes arranged by Coursera. Students’ average time to study in this course is 10 hours a week, lasting 6 months.

  • Product Management By Simplilearn

Simplilearn offers some of the best post-graduate, master’s, and live training programs. It is a popular online Bootcamp and online courses learning platform. It offers a product management course from the SP Jain School of Global Management. The overall duration of the course is 4 months, and students learn through online and live video classes with access to written and video modules. 

A total of 7 faculty members work together to provide students with the best possible education with the help of their real-world industry experience. After completing the course, some of the skills that students acquire are product strategy, new product ideation and development, design thinking, UI/UX, and product lifecycle management. 

The tools that are covered in the product management course are Google Analytics, Jira Software, and Mixpanel. Students get placement support as well after completing the course. Students have been placed at multinational companies like Amazon, Microsoft, Google, and IBM.   


Most institutes provide product management courses requiring around 6 to 8 hours of studying a week. An undergraduate degree is mandatory for applying to all the mentioned courses. Product management courses are highly recommended to technical managers, UX/UI designers, analysts, sales and marketing professionals, entrepreneurs, and others.

The 6 Best Methods for Learning Hebrew Currency

The 6 Best Methods for Learning Hebrew Currency
The 6 Best Methods for Learning Hebrew Currency

Have you always wanted to learn Hebrew, or do you want to brush up on your Hebrew? There’s no better time than now to learn about our old language.

Hebrew is a more complex language to learn. There are lists of websites and software that promise to help you. Stay on your shelf or at the bottom of your to-do list for years. But why don’t you learn Hebrew? You’ll know it more quickly and have a lot more fun.

Are you interested in gaining proficiency in Hebrew but need some pointers? You couldn’t have found a better destination! These articles will jumpstart your journey to fluency in Hebrew by providing you with 6 simple guidelines you can follow.

  1. Start with how to say it.

Starting with Hebrew, you should concentrate on learning to pronounce the individual words. Exercise your hearing so that you can comprehend and identify Hebrew sounds. You will find that learning new terms will become more straightforward and more suitable due to this.

You will be able to accomplish this goal by immersing yourself as much as possible in the sounds of Hebrew. The app Fluent Forever is an improved method for mastering the pronunciation of Hebrew words. You will quickly and easily learn this talent thanks to the app, which will teach you by providing you with automatic tests of your listening abilities.

  1. Learn words you use often and how to read simple texts

You can improve your knowledge of Hebrew vocabulary by using frequency lists, which are lists of the terms that are used the most in that language. If you use these lists, you will have a greater capacity to comprehend the Hebrew you read. Therefore, you’ll have a faster rate of Hebrew acquisition!

If you download and use the Fluent Forever app, you will be able to learn this list much more quickly. It will teach you these terms through the use of flashcards that are both automatic and personalised. When you feel ready, it’s time to move on to more straightforward texts like blog posts, news pieces, and short tales. After that, you should make an effort to read more lengthy materials, such as books and magazines.

  1. Watch a lot of films and TV shows.

If you want to enhance your grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation in a fun and engaging way, one of the best things you can do is watch media in the language you want to study.

  1. Fill your space with Hebrew

A fantastic technique to accelerate learning Hebrew is surrounding oneself with more opportunities to use the language. Therefore, make it a priority to listen to and see as much of the language as possible. Listed below are some ideas to consider:

  • Spend some time in Israel.
  • Work on your English with native speakers in your area.
  • You can watch TV shows, YouTube videos, and social media in Hebrew.
  • Follow Hebrew cooking recipes or the news as you would in English.
  • Change your podcast choices to ones in Hebrew
  • Write the Hebrew names of things around your home.
  1. Have a look at Israeli Ulpans:

People have the opportunity to attend intense Hebrew classes known as ulpans. The Jewish language and culture are the primary subjects taught at these institutions. Lessons at these schools are highly specialised and cover every relevant topic.

You should consider enrolling in one of the following Ulpans if you are interested in taking an effective and comprehensive course.

  1. Podcasts

You can improve your Hebrew language skills if you listen to some excellent Hebrew podcasts available today while working out or driving to work. Because they can be listened to “on the move” rather than while seated in front of a comCputer screen, podcasts offer a one-of-a-kind educational experience.

The method of learning additional Hebrew vocabulary provided by Streetwise Hebrew is enjoyable and straightforward. Several short episodes are released weekly, each focusing on a different theme.

Hebrew Phrases for Everyday Emergencies do you want to learn Hebrew to the point where you can “survive”? This podcast is going to appeal to you. You’ll be able to do things like go shopping, apologies, place an order at a restaurant, and much more.


Don’t let anyone tell you there is only one way to learn Hebrew. The truth is that the best way to find out why you shouldn’t be the best is to be the best for someone else. This is totally up to your specific needs and your level of linguistic proficiency. But remember that loving the language is more important than any course. Only spend so much time trying to find the suitable methods and tools that you reflect to enjoy the language for its own sake. Learning a new language should always be an exciting adventure.

Benefits Of Living In Student Accommodation 

Benefits Of Living In Student Accommodation
Benefits Of Living In Student Accommodation

In past years, the number of students attending universities has increased significantly. This has led to a demand for more accommodation for these students. 

Students can choose from different accommodation options, such as, depending on their budget and needs. In addition, many different types of off-campus housing are available, from fully furnished apartments to well-designed private rented homes.

Some people prefer to stay close to campus, while others may want to find accommodation further away. So whether you’re looking for something cheap or luxurious, there’s sure to be something out there that fits your needs. 

Advantages Of Opting For Off-Campus Accommodation

Campuses have long been where students can live, learn and grow. However, not all students are interested in living on campus. Some may prefer a more off-campus experience with more independence and space. This is especially true for students looking for well-designed accommodation that meets their needs. 

Off-campus housing options can provide many benefits that are not available on campus. Many students choose off-campus housing because it offers these unique advantages and because they want to live in a more relaxed setting. In addition, off-campus accommodations provide many benefits that can make your college experience more enjoyable and stress-free, which are listed below.

More privacy and freedom

The first and foremost benefits students can enjoy when staying in an off-campus accommodation are increased privacy and freedom. This is because most of these accommodations are not on college campuses and do not fall under the authorities’ jurisdiction.

This means that students can do whatever they want without worrying about getting in trouble with their professors or having their private lives exposed to their fellow students. 

Additionally, most of these accommodations are located in relatively safe areas, making them a perfect option for those who want to stay away from busy city centres.

Reduced cost of living

Off-campus housing can provide a reduced cost of living for students. This is because off-campus housing is often not subject to university or city regulations, which can lead to cheaper rent and prices for goods and services. 

Additionally, many off-campus housing options are situated in areas with lower costs of living than on-campus housing.

More diverse social environment

Living in a community of like-minded individuals can help you connect with classmates and make new friends while giving you the freedom to come and go as you please and a sense of independence. 

Off-campus accommodations provide opportunities for networking with other professionals who share similar interests or live in similar areas of the city.

Additional amenities

Off-campus accommodations can provide additional amenities students may desire, such as fitness centres, pools, study areas, cinema rooms, 24/7 Wi-Fi access, etc. The availability of these amenities can make life on campus more enjoyable. 

Safe and secure

Off-campus accommodation ensures safety and security measures in place. Some measures may include mandatory student lock-up times, 24-hour emergency response, and surveillance cameras. 

To improve your safety while away from home, you can ensure you have up-to-date identification documents (including a photo), keep your credit cards safe, and never leave money unattended. If you experience any concerning behaviour or feel unsafe, always contact the nearest member for help.

Wrapping up

Consider living in off-campus accommodations as it provides many benefits, such as saving money on rent and living in a more comfortable environment. 

Additionally, off-campus living can help students get to know other people from various parts of the country or the world, making them better prepared for future endeavours. These benefits are significant for students who want to live independently and explore their city or town.

Things To Know Before Opting For A Curriculum Based On STEAM


Recognized as an essential advancement in today’s education system, STEAM not only opens employment opportunities for students and helps them learn real-world skills but also redefines the approach to education. The complete form of STEAM is Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, and Mathematics. It adds creativity through the arts subject to STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics). The arts in STEAM will help students understand the basic concepts better and utilize specific strategies and skills to manage problems accordingly. Since one is more inclined toward digitization, the popularity of curricula based on STEAM education is also increasing.

Many students need help deciding what they want to study. This article will help you learn what STEAM education is about, how, and why it is essential to implement it in today’s education system. Here are some critical factors you must know before opting for this curriculum. 

What Is STEAM?

STEAM is an education system that encourages students to be more curious and experimental as lifelong learners. Therefore, an inquiry-based learning system can naturally fit with STEAM because it fosters critical thinking and innovation. Moreover, stimulating this modern learning system with necessary technologies such as coding, electronics, robotics, laser cutting, and carving in the early learning stages of the students can support the development phase of the students with more interest and willingness to learn new skills. 

By integrating the concepts of the subject of the art in STEM, education institutions can deepen students’ understanding of science, math, and technology better. Product development is a perfect example of what a student with a curriculum based on STEAM can do. When used with the right tool and technical aspects, product design and execution will become more exciting and innovative. 

But why is it essential to implement this learning system in today’s curriculum? 

Why Is STEAM Important?

Leonardo da Vinci wrote, “Study the art of science. Study the science of art.” This statement has become necessary nowadays, with technology making repetitive tasks obsolete and the ability to solve many new issues. A STEAM education system aims to motivate students’ curiosity and help them solve problems innovatively. The learning system will encourage aspiring scholars to ask questions that promote innovation and originality and connect to real-world solutions to solve problems. 

Tips To Implement STEAM Based Curriculum

  • Seek Guidance From Others – When implementing the STEAM learning technique in your institution, the faculty must conduct regular discussions to keep up with the latest trends. Seeking other STEAM educators and attending PLNs (Professional Learning Networks) can help you to stay on top of trends. 
  • Be Flexible and Keep Your Mind Open – Authentic learning does not lie in small-group instruction or scripted lesson plans. Instead, it lies in conversation and teachable moments that lead a class to entirely different perspectives and predictions. A student charged with learning also wants to express and share thoughts, and educators should be accepting enough to take those thoughts and not backfire. In other words, for STEAM teaching, educators must be flexible, open their minds, and act according to the current situation. One advantage of digitization is that students may know more than educators. So, educators need to polish their expertise with better skills. Educators must let students lead with knowledge but guide them in perseverance, presentation, and organization of their thoughts. 


Implementing STEAM can be challenging but has the most significant benefits. Educators need to be flexible, ask for support, and be open-minded. Students should lead their lessons. You must act like a coach and a support system to solve their problems innovatively. 

The Growth of Benchmarking Technology in the Education Industry

Benchmarking Technology
Benchmarking Technology

It’s no secret that technology is being used to a great degree in the education industry. This has made it easier for educators to engage their students in award-winning low-stakes school-level benchmarking exams.

Because these tests are not used in the students’ formative assessments, they are also generally low-pressure and help students to understand how they’re performing overall in any particular subject.

Using Technology to Complete Low-Stakes Tests Encourages Students To Participate

Most school-level benchmarking exams are completed online. This makes it easy for students to complete the tests as their responses can be collected quickly and effortlessly. 

With these online tests, students are just required to answer questions by using their computers and laptops and don’t have to write laborious essays such as may be required in more formal exams at the end of the year.

These tests can also be given at various times during the year and, therefore, students can be tested at various stages of their learning without them having to spend hours and hours studying for formal exams.

Ultimately, this takes away the pressure and allows students to monitor their progress as they learn. This helps them to identify gaps in their learning and will prompt them to further understand study materials that they have not fully grasped yet.

Digital Tests Are More Interesting For Students

These digital school-level tests include more than just specific subject matter. They also include a variety of student survey questions that relate to the overall school culture and the student’s level of engagement.

This can be very helpful for teachers who are teaching these students because it helps them to understand how the students feel about their education and the school overall. If there are common threads of dissatisfaction among students, these can be addressed making the overall school environment better for everyone involved.

Ultimately, these types of assessments give students the ability to voice how they feel about their school, their teachers, and their attitudes toward learning.

Low-level School-based Assessments Reveal How Each School Is Performing

With these technology-based tests, it’s possible for educators and school administrators to get a more holistic view of their own schools. This enables educators to improve their own performance to better teach their students.

It also allows individual schools who take part in these technology-based tests to connect with each other and learn how they compare in their teaching methods and also, how these methods can be improved to achieve better results.

This type of comparison is not only for schools in the same region but also schools around the country as well as those from other countries worldwide. This is where technology has made teaching and learning so much easier for everyone concerned.

In Summary

The growth of benchmarking technology has definitely had a positive impact on schools right around the world. With the use of low-stakes digital tests, students are able to understand their own learning progress and know how well they’re absorbing the study material.

These digital tests also allow students to give their opinions on the school environment and teachers can understand their attitude toward learning. It’s also possible for school administrators to view their school’s performance as a whole and then compare this to other schools in the region, the country, and the world.

Everything To Know About Radon Measurement Technician Certification Course

Radon Measurement Technician Certification Course
Radon Measurement Technician Certification Course

Rapid global technological advancements are opening doors to new job roles in real estate. One such unique opportunity is a radon measurement technician related to the home inspection field. These professionals are trained to carry out radon testing procedures and ensure no health risks are involved. 

Testing procedures include many protocols and techniques. To become certified, students must enroll in a radon measurement technician course to successfully carry out the testing process indoors and help homes get rid of radioactive gasses.  

What Is Radon Measurement Or Testing?

Radon is a harmful radioactive gas that is a primary source of lung cancer. This dangerous inert gas exists in outdoor and indoor locations; however, the gas gets dispersed in outdoor areas. When it comes to indoors, it can prove to be very harmful when trapped inside homes and offices for a long time; hence, it is essential to measure their levels. 

Anyone can get exposed to such a harmful gas at home or offices unexpectedly. Radon testing procedures can determine if a home’s or office’s environment is safe for breathing and has no health risks. This is the reason before shifting to new properties; all homeowners are advised to check if they have exposure to radioactive gasses. 

Why Is Radon Testing Essential? 

There is only one important reason for testing the presence of radon indoors, and that is for health. As stated before, this harmful gas can lead to severe lung diseases and lung cancers. Therefore, people hire expert technicians to find a solution to ensure the safety of children and all family members. 

Today, in the United States alone, nearly 20,000 people die every year from radon exposure, and what can be worse than the environment of your home not being safe? Since exposure to this harmful gas is very unpredictable, only radon testing can help with life risks. 

The testing is a very affordable service that only takes a few minutes to complete. Then, with the help of specific instruments and techniques, experts solve your problems and help eliminate health risk factors. 

This type of testing is also an essential part of home inspection. Before buying properties, people avail of many home inspection services; among these, radon testing is the most important one. A property failing in such a test will stop buyers from investing, and this is something any real estate owner would want to avoid. 

What To Learn In Radon Measurement Technician Certification Course?

A professional measurement technician certification course is designed to train aspiring professionals to deal with such harmful radioactive gas. This certification course covers understanding the fundamentals of this toxic gas, its source and facts, the health risks involved, methods and measurement protocols, using instruments for measurements, and so on. 

This certification course can take only a few hours to complete and can prove an asset for a lifetime. In addition, such a course can help expand home inspection businesses and welcome new work opportunities. However, before pursuing any radon certification course, you should always opt for those approved by National Radon Safety Board (NRSB) or National Radon Proficiency Program (NRPP). 

After completing such a course, you can take the Radon Measurement Professional Certification exam and obtain the license to work as a skilled technician. In addition, these courses turn students into experienced technicians by introducing them to the following:

  • The fundamentals of this harmful radioactive gas are where it can be found, how it enters homes and offices, and so on.
  • It covers the source of this gas, its history, the EPA guidelines, and concentration levels. 
  • The course also teaches measurement protocols and methods, working with time-integrated devices, reading the monitor, and much more. 

Final Words

A home is considered the safest place on earth, where people can be their ‘self,’ and everything is the way they want. A place as trustworthy and comfortable as home can also be a threat, and the reason behind such life threats can be pollution and harmful radioactive gasses. However, these problems are temporary, and a simple radon test can help make homes and offices safer to live in and rejoice. 

The Best Jobs for Retirees to Earn Extra Money on the Side

Best Jobs for Retirees
Best Jobs for Retirees

So, you’re retired and looking for ways to make some extra money on the side. You’re in luck! There are several great jobs for retirees that can help you bring in some extra cash.

Here’s a list of jobs that require little or no experience and can be done on a flexible schedule:

1.Retailers are always hiring

Everyone needs to buy things, so stores always offer jobs for retirees. Retail isn’t the easiest work, but if you like people and don’t mind being on your feet, it can be a great way to earn extra money.

Also, there are all kinds of retail jobs available, so you can likely find something that fits your interests. For example, if you love fashion, you could work in a clothing store. You could work in a pet store if you’re an animal lover.

2.You can get paid to walk dogs

Yes, people do pay others to walk their dogs! If you love spending time outdoors and getting some exercise, this job is perfect for you.

There are a few different ways to get started. You can join a dog walking service or sign up with an app like Rover. Or, you can simply start your own dog-walking business by reaching out to people in your community.

As a dog walker, you’ll need to be reliable and have a flexible schedule since most people work during the day. But, if you can manage that, it’s a great way to spend time with dogs and get paid for it.

3.Don’t overlook restaurant jobs

Not only fast food joints hire retirees but even coffee shops and sit-down restaurants. This is because they all need people to help with things like taking orders, serving food, and cleaning up.

Sometimes, these jobs don’t require experience, and you can often get training. Plus, they offer flexible hours, which is great if you only want to work part-time.

4.Be a security guard

Does the idea of being a security guard protecting people or property appeal to you? Then, this job could be a great fit.

As a security guard, you’ll spend most of your time walking around and watching for anything suspicious. It can be a bit boring sometimes, but it’s also a relatively easy job that doesn’t require a lot of training.

5.You can get paid to shop

If you love to shop, this job is definitely for you! Some companies will pay you to do things like go to the grocery store or shop for clothes.

Of course, you’ll need to be a savvy shopper to do this job well. But, if you know how to find good deals and save money, you can easily make some extra cash by doing this.

The one thing that you must keep in mind as a retiree

You should ask yourself if you need to work for a company that offers health insurance to those working part-time. You’re all set if you already have a good health insurance plan.

But, if you don’t have health insurance or your current plan is not that great, you may want to consider working for a company that offers good health insurance coverage. That way, you’ll be able to stay healthy and save money on your medical bills.

Recent Posts